caching❝to put in a cache; conceal; hide.❞
✧❝Temporary Cache: Just as miners, mountain men, Native Americans and pioneers used temporary caches while traveling to avoid robbery or trouble with local law enforcement, survivalists bugging out or trying to return home sometimes use temporary caches to hide valuables, food or weapons. Temporary caches are a sensible precaution when entering a town that may be a non-permissive environment or is simply an unknown. Field-expedient Cache: It is sometimes necessary to lighten a load to enable faster movement. Constructing a temporary field-expedient cache enables the survivalist to cache equipment or supplies, keep them out of the hands of enemies and possibly recover them in the future.❞➢ survival caching from Survivopedia
✧❝Caching is an area of a computer’s memory devoted to temporarily storing recently used information. The content, which includes HTML pages, images, files and Web objects, is stored on the local hard drive in order to make it faster for the user to access it, which helps improve the efficiency of the computer and its overall performance. Most caching occurs without the user knowing about it. For example, when a user returns to a Web page they have recently accessed, the browser can pull those files from the cache instead of the original server because it has stored the user’s activity. The storing of that information saves the user time by getting to it faster, and lessens the traffic on the network.❞➢ What is Caching? from Citrixhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#caching
calendar symbolsBack during my Palm days, there were early emoji hacks available, but they weren’t standardized and adding another could change the symbols already used in text. So a raincloud could become a lightbulb or a pointing finger. Still, this is when I started adding symbols to my calendar, it was a quick visual cue. Today I use standard UTF-8 and emoji instead of a icon library because these are the symbols I mostly use in my Apple calendar. There are exceptions. I don't like the “purple tiles” that Apple seems determined to inflict in iOS and MacOS. The ying-yang, the Star of David, and the main cross I use all look decent in MacOS, but get the purple tile treatment in iOS. All of the default zodiac symbols get the purple tile treatment. There are ways around the purple tiles, but it takes extra coding and doesn't work for everything. Some symbols like th yin-yang and the atom symbol I still can't "uncute." Some, like the alchemical symbols, just aren't visible in iOS. And if it's not visible in iOS, it doesn't work in a calendar. I had to put all the symbols and codes in one place to make copy-paste handy. I avoid some symbols, “black sun” is not black in iOS which totally defeats the purpose of using it for solar eclipses. Many symbols technically have other uses (meteor, quarter days, cross-quarter days, etc.) but these are the symbols and meanings I use.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#calendar-symbols
can't hoardI can’t hoard the magick. I can’t put it somewhere “safe” in a cabinet or carefully sealed in a jar. It has to flow. I bring it home, I mix it with some of me. I manifest what I can. I give it away. Then it comes back changed. I have to take it back through me and manifest again. It never stops.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cant-hoard
❝You can think of cancel culture like a boycott. A person or a brand has done something that offends you, and you react by not supporting that brand or person anymore. Essentially, you would stop financially supporting them. However, cancel culture can get a bit more extreme. People can bring up things from the past, unaddressed or not, and hold them accountable for it. Moreover, the responses from that particular situation can show the person or business why they are upset with them to promote future change.❞➢ Is 'Cancel Culture' Really Necessary? from Odyssey
✧❝In fact, to be ‘cancelled’ – a fate once reserved for those who genuinely deserve to be banished to the depths of irrelevancy until the end of time – has since become a commonplace punishment for any celebrity who missteps or fails to impress their throng of crazed online fans. My frustration is captured quite nicely in the tweet above; ‘cancelling’ has become so frequent on social media that it has now lost all meaning entirely. To be declared cancelled no longer spells impending doom for those who have really messed up, but simply looks like a childish joke (not that I sincerely support the view that fans possess the power to derail an entire career anyway).❞➢ What Is Cancel Culture And Why Should We Stop It?
✧❝A thing that 15 years old do when a celebrity has said something “offensive” in the past and they go ballistic on them and claiming them as “canceled”. They basically think that they’re some type of activist and they think they’re doing the world a favor but in reality they look retarded.❞
Candlemas02February❝Candlemas is a Christian holiday occuring annually on February 2 that is commemorating the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple when he was a baby. It occurs 40 days (inclusively) after Christmas Day. In some churches it is celebrated on a nearby Sunday. The term "Candlemas" (meaning Candle Mass) refers to the practice of the blessing of candles by the priest during a church service ("mass") for use during the year in church and in the homes of the faithful. While in many countries Christmas decorations are traditionally removed on Twelfth Night (January 5, also known as Epiphany Eve), for other countries it is customary to remove them on Candlemas.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#candlemas
- insincere, especially conventional expressions of enthusiasm for high ideals, goodness, or piety.
- the private language of the underworld.
- the phraseology peculiar to a particular class, party, profession, etc.: the cant of the fashion industry.
- whining or singsong speech, especially of beggars.
- to talk hypocritically.
- to speak in the whining or singsong tone of a beggar; beg.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cant
capitalism❝an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.❞
✧❝It bothers me because capitalism - the word and the concept - was the brainchild of Karl Marx. As well as offering an "-ism" opposite his own -ism, it describes a rigid class society in which one class possesses the means of production, the other nothing except its labor. The latter class is called "The Proletariat" who, as Lenin declared, can lose nothing but its chains when it rises against the oppressor. This is not the place to argue whether capitalism was the appropriate way to describe certain European societies. The point is that owning things has always been open to Americans. The moment you buy one share of stock, you part-own "means of production," not to mention owning your home and arriving at your place of work in your own automobile - a very American image. America never had a proletariat. In that case, America could not have been a capitalist country. To the best of my knowledge, no one has redefined capitalism after Marx, and it is inappropriate to use a word whose meaning is different from what the speaker has in mind.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#capitalism
CAPTCHACompletely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Aparthttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#captcha
carceral❝"pertaining to prisons or a prison," 1570s, from Latin carceralis, from carcer "prison, jail; starting place in a race course"❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#carceral
cardinal points four airts, four quarters❝the four chief directions of the compass; the north, south, east, and west points.❞
✧❝The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are the directions north, east, south, and west, commonly denoted by their initials N, E, S, and W. East and west are at right angles to north and south, with east being in the clockwise direction of rotation from north and west being directly opposite east.❞
✧❝The magic circle usually has a candle or lamp at each of the four quarters. The powers of the Four Elements are naturally connected with the Four Airts. Different exponents of magic have differing attributions of these; but the most usual one in the Western magical tradition is air at the east, fire at the south, water at the west, and earth at the north.This attribution is based on the quality of the prevailing winds. In Britain the south wind brings heat and dryness, while the west wind usually brings warm rainy conditions. So these quarters are regarded as the places of fire and water respectively. The wind from the east is cold, dry and bracing, so this is the place of the powers of air. The north wind is cold and freezing, coming from the place of eternal snow. It represents the darkness of earth.❞
cargo pantstactical pants, BDU pants, Battle Dress Uniform❝loose trousers with large pockets on the outside of the legs❞❝A cargo pocket is a form of a patch pocket, often with accordion folds for increased capacity closed with a flap secured by snap, button, magnet, or Velcro common on battledress and hunting clothing. In some designs, cargo pockets may be hidden within the legs. Cargo pants are made of hard wearing fabric and ruggedly stitched. Increasingly they are made of quick-drying synthetic or cotton-synthetic blends, and often feature oversized belt loops to accommodate wide webbing belts. The garments are characteristically designed to allow bending at the knee and hip, and are sewn with felled seams for strength and durability.❞
carnalsex, sexual activity, or sexually related.
- pertaining to or characterized by the flesh or the body, its passions and appetites; sensual
- not spiritual; merely human; temporal; worldlyFor my archived images, any depicting sex between humans. That includes all forms of penetration, including masturbation, oral sex, and coitus. You will not find carnal photos on any NeoWayland NetWork site. Here at NeoWayland's Lexicon there are pictures of carnal statues and artworks portraying sex in a ritual setting. It's a fertility religion after all.But no photos of actual sex.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#carnal
carpenter pants7 pocket jeans❝Carpenter pants are work pants which are specifically designed to accommodate an assortment of tools. Painters and other manual laborers, as well as carpenters, wear the pants. Several companies are well known for manufacturing carpenter style pants which are rugged and well designed. Some of these companies also make a variation for women that has been tailored to fit the female body more comfortably. A pair of carpenter pants can be rather expensive, but since they are designed for hard labor and extended wear, most workers feel that the price is worth it. The design of carpenter pants incorporates two primary features which distinguish a pair of the pants from normal pants. The first is a loose, flexible fit which allows the wearer to squat with ease. The loose cut of carpenter pants also promotes freedom of movement. The second feature is a plethora of pockets, tabs, and loops designed to hold tools of the trade. Many pairs of carpenter pants also have a wide waist to accommodate a tool belt.❞➢ What are Carpenter Pants? from wiseGEEK
✧❝Carpenter jeans are jeans with many pockets and loops which can be used to carry objects such as tools and are often loose around the leg to be able to accommodate the affixed items. They are often worn by construction workers and carpenters, hence the name, to carry their tools so that their hands can be kept free yet the tools are still easily accessible.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#carpenter-pants
cascade effectA transitonal change affecting a system where the balance and conditions shift from one state to another. The best known example is the dripping faucet changing to a steady flow. The conditions of the drip made the flow possible, but the behavior of the water is measurably different. We're plugged into more information and more information sources than ever before. A cascade effect is pretty common, where the same information (right or wrong) hits you from several channels at once, making it seem more important or more widespread than it actually is. That is why the number of channels is not nearly as important as the diversity of channels.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cascade-effect
cassavaManihot esculenta❝Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava (/kəˈsɑːvə/), manioc, yuca, macaxeira, mandioca and aipim is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. Although a perennial plant, cassava is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Though it is often called yuca in Latin American Spanish and in the United States, it is not related to yucca, a shrub in the family Asparagaceae. Cassava is predominantly consumed in boiled form, but substantial quantities are used to extract cassava starch, called tapioca, which is used for food, animal feed and industrial purposes. The Brazilian farinha, and the related garri of Western Africa, is an edible coarse flour obtained by grating cassava roots, pressing moisture off the obtained grated pulp, and finally drying it (and roasting in the case of farinha). Cassava is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics, after rice and maize. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world, providing a basic diet for over half a billion people. It is one of the most drought-tolerant crops, capable of growing on marginal soils. Nigeria is the world's largest producer of cassava, while Thailand is the largest exporter of cassava starch.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cassava
catallaxy❝Catallaxy or Catallactics is an alternative expression for the word "Economy." Whereas the word Economy suggests that people in a community possess a common and congruent set of values and goals, Catallaxy suggests that the emergent properties of a market (prices, division of labor, growth, etc.) are the outgrowths of the diverse and disparate goals of the individuals in a community.❞
✧❝The concept of “catallaxy” is similar to that of “spontaneous order,” but the latter concept can be broadly applied to most areas of life. Catallaxy applies specifically to how economic order emerges in a system through the uncoordinated and diverse actions of individuals who pursue their own self-interests. The social theorist Friedrich Hayek defined it as “the order brought about by the mutual adjustment of many individual economies in a market”. The obscure term captures a dynamic that is essential to the creation of civilization: cooperation. If human beings are to rise above the level of Robinson Crusoe or savagery, then they must interact to mutual advantage. Historically, the “cooperation” is usually orchestrated by a central authority-a government, a tribal leader, a religion-that negates the voice of the individual. One reason people agree to be silenced is because they worship the authority, which makes them willingly or unthinkingly sabotage their individualism. … Recent centuries have given us a new paradigm of how cooperation creates civilization-a paradigm other than control from on high. Civilization rises from the grassroots. It arises through the uncoordinated and voluntary association of individuals and groups. It comes from catallaxy, which is sometimes called “catallactics.” The concept was a long-sought-after intellectual breakthrough that allowed free-market advocates to explain the evolution of society without a central authority.❞— Wendy McElroy, Crypto and the Impossibility of Knowledge in PlanningSee also politicshttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#catallaxy
cauldron❝The witches, however, kept the old pagan version, and the cauldron, originally that of the Druidic moon goddess Cerridwen, became their symbol. A cauldron is an all-embracing symbol of Nature, the Great Mother. As a vessel, it represents the feminine principle. Standing upon three legs, it recalls the triple moon goddess. The four elements of Life enter into it, as it needs fire to boil it, water to fill it, the green herbs of earth to cook it, and its fragrant steam arises into air.The cauldron in fact represented a great step forward in civilization. Before men were able to make metal cooking pots, which would withstand fire, they had to be content with thick earthenware pots, which were heated by the laborious process of dropping very hot stones into them. The metal cauldron, over which the woman as head of the household presided, gave men better cooked food, more plentiful hot water to cleanse themselves, and herbal medicines which could be decocted by boiling or infused in boiling water. Hence the cauldron became an instrument of magic, and especially of women’s magic.❞
✧❝…a traditional cauldron is a cast iron, pot-bellied pot with three legs. If you cannot find such a thing, any pot will do in a pinch. It represents the element of water, but is also used to house small fires (especially at Beltane). Still water in a cauldron makes for excellent scrying.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cauldron
Celtic Reconstructionism (CR)❝Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism (CR) is a polytheistic, animistic, religious and cultural movement. It is an effort to reconstruct, within a modern Celtic cultural context, the aspects of ancient Celtic religions that were lost or subsumed by Christianity. There are some survivals of pre-Christian Celtic traditions in the lore and folk practices of the Celtic countries and the Celtic diaspora but, after centuries of Christian overlay, most people do not find these folk traditions by themselves to be a whole or viable spiritual path. By studying the old manuscript sources and the regional folklore, combining this information with mystical and ecstatic practice, and working together to weed out the non-Celtic elements that can arise, we are nurturing what still lives and helping the polytheistic Celtic traditions grow strong and whole again. We approach this in part by trying to envision what different Celtic Paganisms might look like today if they had been uninterrupted by Christianity, much as Hinduism has changed over the centuries, remaining the same religion but changing in form with the changing times.❞➢ What is Celtic Reconstructionism (CR)? from The CR FAQ
✧❝Celtic Reconstruction is a more recent movement. Most of its adherents follow the Irish pantheon, but as the name implies, followers of other "Celtic" traditions (Welsh, Scottish, Manx, Cornish, Breton) can fall into this category. Though it overlaps somewhat with druidism, it is distinct in that Celtic Reconstructionism has a greater emphasis on historical documents, analyzing surviving mythology, and looking towards archaeology for clues; eschewing the 18th century roots of modern Druidism. The process is somewhat complicated in that the ancient Celts would not write down anything related to their religion. Much of what survives is in the form of mythology written down by monks following the coming of Christianity.❞➢ Useful Notes / Neo-Paganism from TVTropeshttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#celtic-reconstructionism
ceremonial magickHonoring the gods, the spirits, and the magick with rites and rituals performed at a set time and place. Ceremonial ritual (hopefully) brings the celebrant in harmony with the World and it's natural cycles. This is almost all my ritual work. Roughly speaking, the more effort you put into it, the more you will get out of it.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#ceremonial-magick
chamois leather❝Chamois leather (/ˈʃæmi/) is a type of porous leather, traditionally the skin of the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), a type of European mountain goat but today it is made almost exclusively from the flesh split of a sheepskin.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#chamois
charrettealso charette, charet, or design charrette
- A public meeting or workshop devoted to a concerted effort to solve a problem or plan the design of something.
- A period of intense work, typically undertaken in order to meet a deadline.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#charrette
❝Choleric individuals also tend to be more extroverted. They are described as being independent, decisive, and goal oriented. They enjoy being in charge of a group since they have many leadership qualities as well as ambition. Choleric personalities also have a logical and fact-based outlook on the world.❞
- extremely irritable or easily angered; irascible:
a choleric disposition.
- causing biliousness.
✧❝Someone with pure choleric temperament is usually a goal-oriented person. People with choleric personality type are very savvy, analytical, and logical. Extremely practical and straightforward, choleric people aren’t necessary very good companions or particularly social. They dislike small talk and enjoy deep and meaningful conversations. They would rather be alone than in company of shallow, superficial people. Ideally, they want to spend time with people who have similar professional interests.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#choleric
A fallacy based on the idea of a common Christian faith and heritage that shapes and governs that nation. Except… what if the governed person is not Christian? Should their actions be controlled by a faith that does not apply to them? I say “fallacy” because Christians have been arguing over what is and is not a Christian since at least the time of Paul. Faith is a personal choice, it has to be. There is no other way for faith to work. Your faith is not governed by the choices of another. People are Christian, not nations. The United States was founded on good ideas, some of which happened to be Christian. It's amazing I even have to say this when one house of the national legislature is called the Senate and the other has a ceremonial mace based on a Roman fasces. The only faiths worthy of freedom are those freely chosen.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#christian-nation
Church of All Worlds(CAW)❝The Church of All Worlds thus sees itself as a Church of the past, the present, and the future. We acknowledge that our roots are in the past, as we reclaim and reinvigorate the values and traditions of our Pagan ancestors. At the same time we do so creatively, keeping that which serves us in the present day, and which will facilitate our growth, while discarding that which has outgrown its usefulness. We look to the Past, but we also look to the future… to our own future growth, as well as to the future benefit of society and the planet, that great Divine being we recognize as Gaia. We have been called a science fiction Church because we draw inspiration and meaning in the mythic structures of our times, which are commonly embodied by writers such as Robert Heinlein, Aldous Huxley, Ursula K. LeGuin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and many other Science Fiction writers and Futurists. We recognize that simply because something is “myth” or “fiction” does not prevent it from teaching us deeper truths, and accept seminal truths where we find them, whether that be in a science fiction novel, such as Stranger in a Strange Land, or through study of and reawakening of the Eleusinian Mysteries, or through personal vision questing. We consider the source less important than the truth itself. Then again, we don’t accept either what we’re given to understand of our past or what is imagined of the future without critical examination. We put everything to the test, even our own beliefs and convictions. We worship neither the God of Science nor the God of Religion without question – but rather we give all what we feel is their proper their due. We accept the value of scientific inquiry, of intuition, and of matters of the Spirit. We eschew dichotomies and oversimplification and see things not in black and white, or even in shades of gray, but rather in a whole rainbow of colors, and acknowledge that there are colors still beyond our visual spectrum. We honor and hold sacred Body, Mind and Spirit, and subject things to the analysis of our minds, the feelings of our heart, and meditate and pray to seek the guidance of the Divine Spirit, which we see as being both Within and Without, and as running through all things. We say, “All that Groks is God.” We toss out the concept of “sacred vs. profane”, considering all of nature Sacred. So as we share with you who we are, we share with you where we’ve been, where we are, and where we’re going. And we ask you to consider if we might benefit by sharing the journey for a while?❞➢ The Once and Future Church from Church of All Worlds
✧❝The first neo-Pagan earth religion in the United States to obtain full federal recognition as a church, in 1968. Based on Robert Heinlein's science fiction novel, Stranger in a Strange Land (1961), an organization known as Atl (Aztec word meaning both "home of our ancestors" and also "water") was started by Tim Zell and Richard Christie, then college students. The group's interest in innovative political and social change was further developed by Zell and formalized into the Church of All Worlds, a church with a lack of dogma concerning god, the afterlife, and any concept of retribution. As in Heinlein's book, the church was organized into groups known as Nests. It broke ground by being the first such organization to apply the term "pagan" to itself and other ecology-conscious groups of the 1960s. In 1968, Zell began publishing a church journal called The Green Egg, which, after a hiatus from 1976 to 1988, is now back in publication. The church had no dogma; hypocrisy was considered the only sin, and the only crime was interfering in the free will of another. By 1974 there were nests in more than a dozen states. But two years later Zell remarried and left the church, and over the next ten years a number of leader's succeeded him. The church's headquarters in St. Louis was disbanded within five years of Zell's departure, although a few nests remained active elsewhere. By the late 1980s, The Church of All Worlds was active primarily in California. It had merged with Nemeton, a neo-pagan organization, and later spawned subsidiaries such as the Holy Order of Mother Earth, dedicated to agrarian and magical living. Eventually the Zells returned to inject new life into the organization and the church began to grow and recover its former popularity. It had, however, undergone a metamorphosis, becoming more Wiccan in that its focus centered more on the Horned God and the Earth Mother, and the celebration of the eight seasonal festivals.❞
✧❝The most important theological statement came in revelatory writings by Zell in 1970-73, on a theory which later came to be known as the Gaia Thesis, a biological validation of the ancient intuition that the planet is a single living organism, Mother Earth. Pantheists hold as divine the living spirit of Nature. Thus the CAW recognizes Mother Earth, the Horned God, the Green Man and other spirits of animistic totemism as the Divine Pantheon. Church of All Worlds was an early forerunner of the Deep Ecology movement. Through its focus on Mother Nature as Goddess and its recognition and ordination of women as Priestesses, CAW can also rightly be held to be the first Eco-Feminist Church. Its only creed states: "The Church of All Worlds is dedicated to the celebration of life, the maximal actualization of human potential and the realization of ultimate individual freedom and personal responsibility in harmonious eco-psychic relationship with the total Biosphere of Holy Mother Earth."… The non-fictional Church of All Worlds has grown far beyond Heinlein's dream. There are nine concentric circles of member involvement, named after the planets and grouped into three rings. Each circle's activity includes study, writings, magical training, sensitivity and encounter-group experience, as well as active participation in the life of the Church. The First Ring, Circles 1, 2, and 3, is for Seekers, those who are only participants. Second Ring, Circles 4 through 6, is made up of Scions, members who help run the church. The clergy, Council of the Third Ring, consists of legally ordained priests and priestesses; longtime members who have worked through the other circles, undergone personal and leadership development, religious training, and completed the Church's ordination requirements. There are two governing bodies in addition to the Clergy: the Board of Directors, which determines policy and business matters, and the Fun Committee, which implements the activities and functions of the Church. The Fun Committee is made up of a Board member, a clergy member, and one representative from each of the church functions, such as Rites and Festivals, Publications, Membership, Communications and each subsidiary. There is an annual General Meeting to elect officers and make changes in the Church's ever-evolving Bylaws. Worship involves attending weekly or monthly Nest meetings usually held in the homes of Nest members. Autonomous nests are composed of at least three members of 2nd Circle meeting monthly or more often. The basic liturgical form is based on a circle where a chalice of water is shared around as part of the ritual part of the Nest meeting. Longer events are celebrated at the Church sanctuary, Annwfn, a 55-acres of land in northern California. Annwfn has a two-story temple, cabins, garden, orchard and a small pond. It is maintained by a small community of resident caretakers. In addition to the eight Celtic seasonal festivals, the Church holds handfastings (marriages), vision quests, initiations, workshops, retreats, work parties and meetings on the land.❞➢ The Church of All Worlds A Brief History from The Pagan Libraryhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#caw
Cialdini's Principles of InfluenceWhile effective, these ideas depend heavily on conditioning and the principles of Western Civilization. There is nothing inherently wrong with these principles as long as we recognise that they are not absolutes and sometimes it's up to the individual to find better but still benefiticial solutions.
- Reciprocity: Returning a favor or perceived kindness.
- Consistency and Commitment: One choice opens the way to the next choice and so on.
- Social Proof: Jumping on the bandwagon because it's a popular choice that we believe minimizes social costs.
- Liking: Perceiving friendly behavior by accepting ideas and suggestions.
- Authority: Good people mostly obey those in charge.
- Scarcity: We fear that there may not be enough.
- Click, Whirr: Some triggers have deep roots in our conditioning.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cialdini
civics❝the study or science of the privileges and obligations of citizens.❞
✧❝Civics relates to behavior affecting other citizens, particularly in the context of urban development. Civic education is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, as well as its rights and duties. It includes the study of civil law and civil code, and the study of government with attention to the role of citizens―as opposed to external factors―in the operation and oversight of government.❞
✧❝Civics was a class that used to be required before you could graduate from high school. You were taught what was in the U.S. Constitution. And after all the student rebellions in the Sixties, civics was banished from the student curriculum and was replaced by something called social studies. Here we live in a country that has a fabulous constitution and all these guarantees, a contract between the citizens and the government – nobody knows what's in it… And so, if you don't know what your rights are, how can you stand up for them? And furthermore, if you don't know what's in the document, how can you care if someone is shredding it?❞— Frank Zappahttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#civics
civil liberties & civil rights❝Civil rights concern the basic right to be free from unequal treatment based on certain protected characteristics (race, gender, disability, etc.) in settings such as employment, education, housing, and access to public facilities. A civil rights violation occurs in designated situations where an individual is discriminated against on the basis of a protected characteristic. Most civil rights laws are established through the federal government via federal legislation or case law.
Civil liberties concern basic rights and freedoms that are guaranteed -- either explicitly identified in the Bill of Rights and the Constitution, or interpreted or inferred through the years by legislatures or the courts.❞➢ Civil Rights vs. Civil Liberties from FindLaw
✧❝The issue of civil liberties is a vital one to all Americans, if only because the Constitution is often vague on what those rights actually mean. Even more confusing, there's a significant difference between civil rights and civil liberties, a distinction that is small but crucial to understanding why civil liberties are important and protected at all. Fortunately, a process exists which helps to clarify the differences and distinctions for all Americans, a process which sometimes stops at the U.S. Supreme Court. The Constitution is a list of 'do's': a document explaining what the federal government is allowed to do and areas in which it is allowed to be present. The Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to that Constitution (as well as the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments passed after the Civil War and usually considered part of the American guarantee of rights) are a list of 'do-nots,' which apply specifically to the federal government. These relate to rights we all hold, which can't be violated or suppressed. So there's a distinction between civil rights, which means 'the basic right to be free from unequal treatment, based on certain characteristics which we deem important, like race, gender, and disability,' and civil liberties, which are 'basic freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights or interpreted through the years by courts and lawmakers.' For most of us, then, when we talk about our 'rights,' we're really talking about our 'liberties.'❞What are Civil Liberties? - Definition, Examples & Cases from Study.com
✧❝Civil liberties are protections against government actions. For example, the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights guarantees citizens the right to practice whatever religion they please. Government, then, cannot interfere in an individual's freedom of worship. Amendment I gives the individual "liberty" from the actions of the government. Civil rights, in contrast, refer to positive actions of government should take to create equal conditions for all Americans. The term "civil rights" is often associated with the protection of minority groups, such as African Americans, Hispanics, and women. The government counterbalances the "majority rule" tendency in a democracy that often finds minorities outvoted.❞➢ Civil Liberties and Civil Rights from American Governmenthttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#liberties
civil twilight❝Civil twilight occurs when the Sun is less than 6 degrees below the horizon. In the morning, civil twilight begins when the Sun is 6 degrees below the horizon and ends at sunrise. In the evening, it begins at sunset and ends when the Sun reaches 6 degrees below the horizon.❞➣ Twilight, Dawn, and Dusk from timeanddate.comSee also
astronomical twilight, The Differences between Civil, Nautical, and Astronomical Twilight
from Digital Photo Secrets
nautical twilight, twilighthttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#civil-twilight
cladistics❝Cladistics (/kləˈdɪstɪks/, from Greek κλάδος, cládos, "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on the most recent common ancestor. Hypothesized relationships are typically based on shared derived characteristics (synapomorphies) that can be traced to the most recent common ancestor and are not present in more distant groups and ancestors. A key feature of a clade is that all descendants stay in their overarching ancestral clade. For example, if within a cladistic framework the terms monkeys/anthropoidea, animals, fishes/vertebrata and worms/bilateria would be used, these terms would include humans. Radiation results in the generation of new subclades by bifurcation.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cladistic
clapter❝A "joke", often making a political or social statement, whose purpose is to make the audience applaud and agree instead of laugh. Popular with hack comedians and their fans.❞
✧❝My friend, SNL writer Seth Meyers, coined the term clapter, which is when you do a political joke and people go, “Woo-hoo.” It means they sort of approve but didn’t really like it that much. You hear a lot of that on [whispers] The Daily Show.❞➢ Tina Fey: Jon Stewart Doesn’t Make People Laugh from The Huffington Post quoting a Reader's Digest interviewhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#clapter
Clarke's LawsClarke's Third Law is often called Clarke's Law.
- Clarke's First Law - When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. When he states that something is impossible, he is very probably wrong.
- Asimov's Corollary to the Clarke's First Law - When, however, the lay public rallies round an idea that is denounced by distinguished but elderly scientists and supports that idea with great fervor and emotion -- the distinguished but elderly scientists are then, after all, probably right.
- Clarke's Second Law - The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible.
- Clarke's Third Law - Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.
- Third Law Corollary - Any technology distinguishable from magic is insufficiently advanced.orIf technology is distinguishable from magic, it is insufficiently advanced.
✧❝Clarke's Laws are a series of three rules attributed to science fiction legend Arthur C. Clarke, intended to help define ways to consider claims about the future of scientific developments. These laws do not contain much in the way of predictive power, so scientists rarely have any reason to explicitly include them in their scientific work. Despite this, the sentiments that they express generally resonate with scientists, which is understandable since Clarke held degrees in physics and mathematics, so was of a scientific way of thinking himself. Clarke is often credited with having developed the idea of using satellites with geostationary orbits as a telecommunications relay system, based on a paper he wrote in 1945.❞➢ What Are Clarke's Laws? from ThoughtCo.
clean sheets & hot running waterI like my clean sheets & hot running water, my internet and my fireplace. Modern conveniences are great things when coming home after being outdoors for a while.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#clean-sheets-hot-running-water
clerisy❝learned persons as a class; literati; intelligentsia.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#clerisy
clippedCommon practice among some bloggers where the majority of the text in an entry came from someone else. Sadly, I’ve done this more than I should have.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#clipped
clootiecloutie❝A clootie (also cloutie; from the Old English clūt: "a piece of cloth or leather; a patch; a rag") is a strip or piece of cloth, a rag or item of clothing; it can also refer to fabric used in the patching of clothes or the making of proddy rugs (a.k.a. "clootie mats").
Clootie wells are wells or springs in Celtic areas where pilgrims leave strips of cloth or rags, usually as part of a healing ritual.❞All clooties should be biodegradable. Although I don't usually interfere with the prayers or workings of others, non-biodegradable clooties should be removed and properly disposed of.❝If you’re going to the British Isles, you will want to know about clouties (also spelled clootie). What’s a cloutie? Clouties are prayer ties. Traditionally these were small pieces of cloth that were infused with the energy of what you want to get rid of (like a wart, an unwanted lover, or a pain). If the thing you want to rid yourself of is an ailment, the cloth is first tied around that area. For example, if you have ankle pain, the cloth is worn around the ankle. The prayer tie is then hung on the tree as a request to the spirits to use their energy/magic to banish the unwanted energy. As the cloth decays, the wish is fulfilled. Today, the tradition has been corrupted in many ways. Any old tree at or near a sacred site is often chosen. Traditionally they were trees located at springs. It’s the spirit of the well or spring that does the healing, not the tree. These springs sometimes have minerals that promote healing. They generally are known for curing specific types of ailments like infertility or eye issues. So hanging a cloutie on any random tree is not likely to create any healing. Many things are tied to these trees as “offerings.” I’ve seen random things like jewelry, bolts, stuffed animals, plastic streamers, and pieces of clothing. My guess is that two traditions are being confused. At some sacred sites, it’s traditional to leave an offering in exchange for a wish. The offering must be something that has value to you. If it’s not a sacrifice to give it up, the spirits will not fulfill your wish. The cloutie tradition is not about granting a wish. It’s banishing magic. It’s designed to rid you of something, not give you something. If you are making an offering to the spirit of the well or spring, it is not tied to the tree, but left by the spring. Small cloths are used because they wrap easily around an ill body part. The cloth is sometimes dipped in the water, then is used to wash the troubled area. Cloths are easily tied, and they degrade quickly. If you are tying something to a tree that is not biodegradable, the magic can’t work. So what ends up happening is that the tree accumulates trash that chokes its growth, and may actually kill the tree. It also becomes an eyesore. Why a well? Why not just tie clouties anywhere? Sacred springs are the bridge between this world and the Otherworld. The bridge was open widest at certain times of the year (Imbolc on February 1, Beltaine on May 1, Lughnasa on August 1 and Samhain on November 1), so that is when they were most often visited. Sacred springs are also almost always found on a hill upon which lives an old tree. Not all wells are sacred wells.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#clootie
Counting sexual conquests without the benefit of friendship. Sex with the absolutely minimal emotional connection. Bedding someone based mainly on the status it brings. Sending them on their way before breakfast and without getting their phone number. The lower end of casual sex and only a step or two above masturbation. No tie other than the sexual act itself. My preferred way of advancing in my Corporate Clone days. I try to do better now. At as long as it is consenting, collecting pelts is not exactly reprehensible. But it is juvenile. Sex for the sake of sex will always be unfulfilling. Because there is no emotional connection beyond the moment, collecting pelts will always be lacking. Sex includes the desire for more passion. Usually this frustration means that the sex itself becomes more extreme. Without healthy channels for passion, a person can seek out and indulge more and more peak experiences just to satisfy the craving. BDSM, roleplay, and self-injury are all common responses when collecting pelts. People often confuse a hormonal surge with real passion. But if there is nothing to build on, no connection beyond the sensation, then it is soon passes leaving people lacking and longing for something more. Picking up someone in a bar after a few drinks or hooking up just to bump uglies just leaves you empty at three A.M. I don't agree that sex should be confined to marriage, but I do think it needs at least friendship and respect.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#collecting-pelts
- mutual courtesy; civility.
- Also called comity of nations. courtesy between nations, as in respect shown by one country for the laws, judicial decisions, and institutions of another.
✧❝In law, comity is "a practice among different political entities (as countries, states, or courts of different jurisdictions)" involving the "mutual recognition of legislative, executive, and judicial acts."❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#comity
Commandments of Coyote
- Thou Shalt Have As Many Gods and Spirits and Personal Trainers and Gurus As You Like Before Me, But You Shalt Not Let Them Block the Exits, and More, You Shall Not Permit Them To Take the Last Beer, For That Beer Is Mine. Seriously. Don't.
- Thou Shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's Wife, But Thou Art Totally Welcome To Admire Her Ass When She Walks By, and If It Happens To Come Out That They Are In An Open Relationship, Dude, Tap That Ass As Much As They Are Willing To Allow. Same Goes For the Ladies. Coveting Is Sort Of Stupid, But Sex Is Just Plain Fun, Unless Thou Art Doing It Entirely Wrong.
- If Thy Neighbor Says 'Hands Off My Wife, Dude', Thou Shalt Listen and Back Off, Because Otherwise, Thy Neighbor Will Be Totally Justified In Hitting You About the Head and Shoulders With Gardening Tools, and Don't Think That I'm Going To Step In There and Stop Him.
- Adultery Is Actually Pretty Fun. Commit It All You Like. Just Make Sure Everyone Is Cool With It, Or I Will Not Help You Out Once the Hitting Gets Started.
- Thou Shalt Not Eat Poisoned Bait. If You Do, Don't Come Whining To Me About It, Because I Am Very Unlikely To Care. Once It Is In Your Mouth, It Is Your Problem, Not Mine.
- Of Course Thou Shalt Kill. Carnivores Do That. Also, Swatting Mosquitoes, Sort Of Instinctive. But All Creatures Are Alive Before You Kill Them, and So Thou Shalt Respect Them In Their Lives and In Their Deaths. Thou Shalt Not Kill Without Reason. Thy Neighbor Tapping Thy Wife's Ass? Is Not A Reason. Don't Make Me Set A Plague Upon Thy Ass. Thou Wouldst Not Enjoy It, I Promise.
- Thou Shalt Not Hoard. Seriously, Here. If You Have Enough, Share. Only Asshats Bogart Life.
- Thou Shalt Not Be A Martyr. If You Have One Beer, Drink It. Do Not Give It To Me and Then Expect Adoration. Dude, That Was Your Beer, I Did Not Break Your Arm To Get It. Give What You Can Give, and Expect Neither Praise Nor Worship. You Are Not Being Morally Superior, You Are Being A Decent Human Being. There Is A Difference.
- Assume This Is It. Maybe There Is Reincarnation; Maybe Not. Not Only Am I Not Saying, Please Consider the Fact That I Probably Get A Say In Whether You Come Back, and If You Are the Sort Of Person Who Doesn't Do Anything With One Life, Why Should I Waste My Time Giving You Another One? Live Like You Get No Second Chances. You Will Have More Fun.
- Are You Going To Eat That?https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#commandments-of-coyote
common sense❝Common sense is sound practical judgment concerning everyday matters, or a basic ability to perceive, understand, and judge that is shared by ("common to") nearly all people. The first type of common sense, good sense, can be described as "the knack for seeing things as they are, and doing things as they ought to be done". The second type is sometimes described as folk wisdom, "signifying unreflective knowledge not reliant on specialized training or deliberative thought". The two types are intertwined, as the person who has common sense is in touch with common-sense ideas, which emerge from the lived experiences of those commonsensical enough to perceive them.❞
✧❝the ability to use good judgment in making decisions and to live in a reasonable and safe way❞
✧❝Common sense is what -I- think others should know.
Essentially, common sense is seen as knowledge that most people (except babies and the mentally disabled) should know. This can apply to things affecting all humans, or it can pertain to certain peoples and issues. When someone does something that contradicts common sense, you tend to think, "Dude you are so stupid. Anyone with common sense would have avoided that."❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#common-sense
companionVery good friend and sexual partner. More than “friends with benefits,” less than spouse. The Lady Always Chooses.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#companion
companion plantingIn companion planting, different crops are planted in the same spot, each benefiting the other. One advantage that compainion planting brings is reducing the chemicals needed. It can also help control pests. Perhaps the best known historical example today is the Three Sisters from certain Amerindian tribes. Squash, maize, and beans worked together. The maize supports the beans so no trellis or poles are needed. The beans fix nitrogen in the soil. The squash spreads out, preventing weeds while blocking some pests. Together, the three plants provide a fairly healthy diet.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#companion-planting
competitionCompetition keeps us honest.
- the act of competing; rivalry for supremacy, a prize, etc.
- a contest for some prize, honor, or advantage
- the rivalry offered by a competitor
- a competitor or competitors
- Sociology. rivalry between two or more persons or groups for an object desired in common, usually resulting in a victor and a loser but not necessarily involving the destruction of the latter.
- Ecology. the struggle among organisms, both of the same and of different species, for food, space, and other vital requirements.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#competition
conjunction☌ ☌❝the instant when a planet appears closest to the Sun as seen from Earth❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#conjunction
❝Somebody who worships police and similar figures, regardless of the extensive evidence that they are a troubling influence in the world. Sucks that authoritarian D.❞
✧❝IAlthough it would be convenient to dismiss every individual that supports policing as mindless sycophants, we realize the situation is nowhere near that simple. Policing as an institution is so ingrained in our culture that we have come to think of it as a law of nature, or at least a response to those laws that is an unfortunate necessity. And while most people realize there exists a grey area between a law enforcement free-for-all and honorable institution based on accountability, there are still those individuals who believe that police are absolutely infallible and beyond criticism..❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#copsucker
cordon sanitaire❝a guarded area around a place or country that prevents people from entering or leaving it:❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cordon-sanitaire
corniche❝A corniche is a road on the side of a cliff or mountain, with the ground rising on one side and falling away on the other. The word has been absorbed into English from the French term route à corniche or "road on a ledge", originally derived from the Italian cornice, for "ledge".❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#corniche
A Corporate Clone is a mid ranking or higher employee who appears to conform but actually plays nasty games against employees on the same level in preparation to take on the higher-ups. Lower level employees are considered game pieces. Yes, I was a junior executive and a Corporate Clone. I was in HR and did training seminars. I wrote training manuals. I was effective, but not a nice person.See also collecting peltshttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#corporate-clone
❝economic, legal, ethical, and discretionary expectations with society has of it's corporations and institutions at any given point in time❞
❝A politico-economic system in which most power is held by large corporations, often mistakenly called capitalism. This is the current governing system of most of the world❞
✧❝An economy that is nominally free-market, but allows for preferential regulation and other favorable government intervention based on personal relationships. In such a system, the false appearance of "pure" capitalism is publicly maintained to preserve the exclusive influence of well-connected individuals.❞
❝I don't support corporatism, crony capitalism, corporate welfare, or any variant. If a company can't succeed without government help, it doesn't deserve to exist.❞❝While corporate greed is certainly a major factor, it's not the only one. Thanks to a series of "reforms" and government interventions, people pay for insurance, not health care. This means that the patient/customer is insulated from the costs and that the health care providers don't answer to the patients, but to the insurance companies and sometimes government. This leads in turn to large scale facilities that mostly dehumanize patients and medical professionals all in the name of "efficiency." I sympathize with the medical professionals, I really do. They are caught in the middle of a mess where they are expected to provide the almost impossible under terrible conditions. They are the ones to get blamed when something goes wrong. The system as it exists is unsustainable, particularly under crisis. But as long as it can muddle through kinda sorta maybe, the existing corporate and government support will keep any real reform from happening.❞If your business model depends on government intervention, you ignore the "customer" and focus on manipulating and controlling the government. That's how to get a bigger profit under corporatism.
correlation isn't causality❝The phrase correlation does not imply causation is used to emphasize the fact that if there is a correlation between two things, that does not imply that one is necessarily the cause of the other. Even though with the logical fallacies, the way to find the cause behind its effect is false, the result itself is usually not. Researchers test to calculate correlation between two variables and the true causal relationship between them.❞➢ Meaning of 'Correlation Does Not Imply Causation' from PsycholoGeniehttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#correlation-causality
coyoteCanis latrans❝The Coyote is very similar in size to a small German Shepherd and weighs an average of 25 to 40 pounds. It has long, slender legs, a bushy tail with a black tip, and large ears that are held erect. The Coyote's coat can vary, but it is usually gray or buff-colored. From a close vantage point, there is no mistaking the yellow eyes and black, round pupils. The Coyote is a strong swimmer. It characteristically runs with its tail down instead of horizontally like foxes, or up like wolves and dogs.❞➢ Coyote (Canis latrans) from Texas Parks & Wildlife
✧❝The coyote appears often in the tales and traditions of Native Americans—usually as a very savvy and clever beast. Modern coyotes have displayed their cleverness by adapting to the changing American landscape. These members of the dog family once lived primarily in open prairies and deserts, but now roam the continent's forests and mountains. They have even colonized cities like Los Angeles, and are now found over most of North America. Coyote populations are likely at an all-time high.❞➢ Coyote from National Geographic
✧❝A coyote travels over its range and hunts both day and night, running swiftly and catching prey easily. It has a varied diet and seems able to exist on whatever the area offers in the way of food. Coyotes eat meat and fish, either fresh or spoiled, and at times eat fruit and vegetable matter and have even been known to raid melon patches. Although the coyote has been observed killing sheep, poultry and other livestock, it doesn't subsist on domestic animals. Food habit studies reveal that its principle diet is composed of mice, rabbits, ground squirrels, other small rodents, insects, even reptiles, and the fruits and berries of wild plants.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#coyote
creative deconstructionEvery productive process enables it's successor.❝Creative destruction can be described as the dismantling of long-standing practices in order to make way for innovation. The term creative destruction was coined by Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter in 1942. It is used most frequently to describe innovations in manufacturing processes that increase productivity, but the term has been adopted for use in many other contexts. Economists often use it to express the essential nature of capitalism as a relentless drive towards progress.❞➢ Creative Destruction from Investopedia
✧❝Joseph Schumpeter popularised the concept of creative destruction in ‘Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy‘ (1942). He used the phrase ‘gale of Creative Destruction’ and the concept is sometimes known as Schumpeter’s Gale. He derived his ideas from a close reading of Marx. However, whilst Marx believed capitalists crisis and destruction would lead to its demise, Schumpeter saw creative destruction as a necessary and natural way to enable new markets and new growth.❞➢ Creative destruction from EconomicsHelp.orgWe never stop moving, we never stop changing. This is widespread in economics, in nature, and in mythology. We exist in contrasting tensions. What is successful today won't be enough tomorrow. We're driven to tinker, to make it better, to leave our mark on something that works. Most changes won't work, but some do and lay the groundwork for future changes.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#creative-destruction
Justification for “black” privilege. A form of racism that puts “blacks” at the top of the hierarchy with no regard to individual action or existing social standards and law. Assuming that “black” concerns are the same as any other American minority group. Assuming that anything negative that happens to any “black” is due to “white” racism despite the actions and attitudes of the “black” person. Blaming “whites” for things that happened long before anyone living was born and that have been largely resolved.
❝Critical Race Theory holds that the most important thing about you is your race. The color of your skin. That's who you are. Not your behavior. Not your values. Not your environment. Your race.❞— What Is Critical Race Theory? from PragerU
✧❝In their work Critical Race Theory: An Introduction, first published in 2001, the legal scholars Richard Delgado (one of the founders of CRT) and Jean Stefancic discuss several general propositions that they claim would be accepted by many critical race theorists, despite the considerable variation of belief among members of the movement. These “basic tenets” of CRT, according to the authors, include the following claims: (1) Race is socially constructed, not biologically natural. (2) Racism in the United States is normal, not aberrational: it is the common, ordinary experience of most people of colour. (3) Owing to what critical race theorists call “interest convergence” or “material determinism,” legal advances (or setbacks) for people of colour tend to serve the interests of dominant white groups. Thus, the racial hierarchy that characterizes American society may be unaffected or even reinforced by ostensible improvements in the legal status of oppressed or exploited people. (4) Members of minority groups periodically undergo “differential racialization,” or the attribution to them of varying sets of negative stereotypes, again depending on the needs or interests of whites. (5) According to the thesis of “intersectionality” or “antiessentialism,” no individual can be adequately identified by membership in a single group. An African American person, for example, may also identify as a woman, a lesbian, a feminist, a Christian, and so on. Finally, (6) the “voice of colour” thesis holds that people of colour are uniquely qualified to speak on behalf of other members of their group (or groups) regarding the forms and effects of racism. This consensus has led to the growth of the “legal story telling” movement, which argues that the self-expressed views of victims of racism and other forms of oppression provide essential insight into the nature of the legal system.❞
✧❝Coined by legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw in the late 1980s, the term "critical race theory" first emerged as a challenge to the idea that the United States had become a color-blind society where one's racial identity no longer had an effect on one's social or economic status. Just two decades after the accomplishments of the Civil Rights Movement, many politicians and institutions were co-opting the aspirational, color-blind language of Martin Luther King, Jr.—i.e., the idea that we should judge someone on the content of his character rather than the color of his skin—while omitting the more critical aspects of his speeches that emphasized discrimination and economic inequality. There were also beginning to be attacks on affirmative action policies, with conservative politicians arguing that they were no longer needed. CRT as a school of thought is designed to highlight the ways that supposedly color-blind laws have allowed racial oppression and inequality to continue despite the outlawing of segregation. CRT originated among legal scholars like Derrick Bell, Kimberlé Crenshaw, and Richard Delgado, who argued that racism and white supremacy were defining elements of the American legal system—and of American society writ large—despite language related to "equal protection." Early proponents argued for a contextual, historicized analysis of the law that would challenge seemingly neutral concepts like meritocracy and objectivity, which, in practice, tend to reinforce white supremacy. The fight against oppression of people of color was a major goal of early critical race theorists; in other words, they sought to change the status quo, not just critique it. Finally, CRT was interdisciplinary, drawing on a wide range of scholarly ideologies, including feminism, Marxism, and postmodernism.❞
✧❝The late Harvard professor Derrick Bell is credited with establishing critical race theory through his publications and groundbreaking course Race, Racism, and American Law. The academic concept was further cemented in 1993 when a group of legal scholars — Mari Matsuda, Charles R. Lawrence III, Richard Delgado, and Crenshaw — published a seminal book on the theory, Words That Wound: Critical Race Theory, Assaultive Speech, And The First Amendment. “Individual law teachers and students committed to racial justice began to meet, to talk, to write, and to engage in political action in an effort to confront and oppose dominant societal and institutional forces that maintained the structures of racism while professing the goal of dismantling racial discrimination,” the authors wrote. In addition to claiming that racism is endemic to American society, the authors put forth five tenets of critical race theory.
First, the group was skeptical of legal theories that supported colorblindness, objectivity, and neutrality, which created an “abstracted story of racial inequality as a series of randomly occurring, intentional, and individualized acts.” In other words, the scholars wanted the legal field to think of racism on a scale much larger than one-to-one interactions; racism could never be a random act because race was socially constructed for the purpose of oppression. To be objective is to support the status quo, and thus the country isn’t working to actively redress racial inequities. Second, the scholars stated that every analysis of the law should be grounded in historical context, arguing that “racism has contributed to all contemporary manifestations of group advantage and disadvantage along racial lines, including differences in income, imprisonment, health, housing, education, political representation, and military service.” For example, the Black-white wealth gap — which exists because Black people have historically been excluded from wealth-building measures like homeownership — hasn’t changed since researchers started collecting related data more than 50 years ago; the typical white family is almost 10 times wealthier than the average Black one. Third, the theorists wrote that critical race theory acknowledges, values, and centers the knowledge of people of color who experience racism daily. Next, the scholars noted that critical race theory is “interdisciplinary and eclectic,” meaning it borrowed from a number of traditions like feminism, Marxism, and critical legal theory. The thinkers argued that a combination of these ideas only strengthened their framework. Lastly, they identified critical race theory’s goal: eliminating racial oppression as a step toward eliminating all oppression. “The interests of all people of color necessarily require not just adjustments within the established hierarchies, but a challenge to hierarchy itself.”With this foundation, critical race theory has informed many disciplines, from education to political science to sociology, moving scholars across the country to investigate how race and racism impact their fields.❞
✧❝The theory that presupposes that personal choice and responsibility has nothing to do with race and the outcome of where any human being winds up. According to the theory, the solution to problems of certain races can be deposited into the laps of people holding power. This means not Barack Obama, Loretta Lynch and Eric Holder holding power, only white, Melanin Challenged people, holding power. It means Black - Good; White = Evil. The theory agrees with the notion that white racism (aka, imagined hatred of black Americans) was the malevolence that caused white people to joyfully elect and then the re-elect America's first black president to rule over them for eight years; stay behind in Washington DC to sabotage the presidency of his successor through a slow, ongoing coup, and then return to the White House for his third term through surrogates. It is in agreement with the notion that it was white racism funding the $22 Trillion WAR ON POVERTY that transferred the wealth of the American taxpayer, the 1% of whites at the top of the pyramid, to help America's African Americans a century after Republicans freed the Democrat's slaves.❞
cross-quarter day※ ※A cross-quarter day marks the midpoint between the solstice and equinox or the midpoint between the equinox and solstice. Cross-quarter days are gateways between borders of the four seasons, at least where four seasons are recognized. In Celtic Ireland, there were two seasons. Summer the bright half of the year began on Beltaine (May 1st). Winter the dark half of the year begain on Samhain (November 1). For some reason, Encyclopædia Brittanica calls these Quarter Days. I think it's because someone confused the beginning of planting season with the beginning of summer.See also
Beltaine, Beltaine, Beltaine, fire festival, Harvestpoint, Harvestpoint, Harvestpoint, High Holiday, Imbolc, Imbolc, Imbolc, Lammas, Lammas, Lammas, Lughnasadh, Samhain, Samhain, Samhain, Sparkpoint, Sparkpoint, Sparkpoint, Summergate, Summergate, Summergate, Wintergate, Wintergate, Wintergatehttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cross-quarter-day
A crusader is a pernicious form of True Believer™ who won’t stop until everyone is saying and doing the exact same things at the exact same time. Or else. Marked by immorality, intolerance, and intrusiveness towards others because the crusader believes they know what is best and for “your own good.” Crusaders can’t stand criticism of their Ideal, it makes them irrational as well.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#crusader
crush❝A secret burning desire to be with someone who you find very attractive and extremely special, with whom there's low or no chances at all of being a couple.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#crush
cui bonoqui bono❝Qui bono or cui bono is a Latin term which literally means ‘as a benefit to whom’. The translation of qui bono is ‘who with good’. It refers to the hidden motive or to the indication that the party who is actually caught for a crime is not the one who originally did the crime. In criminal investigations the rule of qui bono is applied. Qui bono is also applied in cases where an act is done with the intention to gain benefit.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cui-bono
cunnilingus❝Give her at least two orgasms for every one of mine.❞
— Ro3 № 19❝Start cunnilingus with three to the left, two to the right, one to the left, three to the right, two to the left, and then one to the right.❞
— Ro3 № 20Orally manipulating and stimulating a lady's genitals to high arousal or orgasm, especially the clitoris and labia minora. Skill can repeatedly bring someone to the edge without quite reaching climax. Staying ecstatic and almost reaching the brink again and again can make the next orgasm very intense. Beyond bringing her pleasure, if you don't savor your sensations and her reactions, you're doing it wrong. Remember, give her at least two orgasms for every one of yours. One common method is drawing the alphabet with your tongue. If the lady is sensitive or close to climax, spell “cunnilingus.” In part this entry is because I can never remember how to spell the word.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#cunnilingus
It's pretty understood that you can't bless if you can't curse. Now ethically that's a whole new situation. Just because I can hit your kneecaps with my baseball bat doesn't mean I will. It certainly doesn’t mean I should.❝Assuming you're capable, it's like a gun shooting an ambush shot from the shadows. It may be a small gun, it may be a big gun. It may be incredibly accurate, or it may hit others in around the target or even instead of the target. Like calls to like. You may be able to conceal yourself, but probably not for long. Before you cast, be very very sure. And don't lie to yourself by saying it's for the greater good. That can invoke aspects of justice you won't like.❞Beyond ethics, in Western occultism there's something called The Law of Similarity or like calls to like. If I cast “bad luck” or “sickness,” then I risk attracting those very same things to me. Yes there are ways to avoid that, but the only one worth sharing online is the simplest. Don't try to curse in the first place. Dealing with curses, well, that depends. It may be very unromantic, but most people are dealing with their own emotional baggage and not external forces “out to get them.” Just by being a good person and living by the rules of your culture society, you're “protected” from almost any curse. Yes, there are ways around that and no, I am not telling anyone how online.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/cc/#curse