- a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known.
- mere designation, as distinguished from factOne of those topics that gets needlessly complicated. In the West, a family name or surname is shared among family members, usually showing the male line of descent. A casual name is used among friends and family. A given name is a name bestowed at birth and usually matches the legal name. A ritual name is used between members of a cult (in the Greco-Roman sense) and not shared with outsiders. A title denotes an official or celebratory position. NeoWayland is a title that started as an online handle. It's certainly not a name. Neo meaning new, sometimes used as a prefix before pagan to describe the modern revival of paganism. Wayland was the name a mythical smith who worked wonders at his forge. I've been told that Wayland is also the name of a mystical place halfway between darkness and light. Maybe someday I'll be good enough to deserve the title. My legal name is fairly ordinary. My ritual name is between me and the Divine. But about that pagan or ritual name thing. First, it wasn't until the mid 1950s when witchcraft (and to a lesser extent paganism) became legal in the UK. To this day, there can be repercussions in certain areas, although not nearly as much as some would have you believe. Second, much like a Christening or confirmation, taking a separate name shows dedication to your faith when you are initiated. This goes back to at least the Roman mystery cults. Third, there is cross-over with the SCA and various RenFaire groups. This definitely stresses the romantic aspects. These days I would put cosplay as another influence. There's a quote I like, ❝You want your religion taken seriously? Stop treating it like fandom.❞See also
label https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#name https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#casual-name
Narrative®, theIn politics, a overarching story intended to manage public perception and expectation but that doesn't reflect actual events.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#narrative®
narrative medicine❝An emerging clinical discipline that studies patient narrative phenomena as a platform for improving interactions between doctors, nurses, social workers, therapists, and other caregivers❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#narrative-medicine
Native American Church❝Native American Church, also called Peyotism, or Peyote Religion, most widespread indigenous religious movement among North American Indians and one of the most influential forms of Pan-Indianism. The term peyote derives from the Nahuatl name peyotl for a cactus. The tops of the plants contain mescaline, an alkaloid drug that has hallucinogenic effects. It was used in Mexico in pre-Columbian times to induce supernatural visions and as a medicine. From the mid-19th century, use of peyote extended north into the Great Plains of the United States, and probably first developed into a distinct religion about 1885 among the Kiowa and Comanche of Oklahoma. After 1891 it spread rapidly as far north as Canada and is now practiced among more than 50 tribes. Statistics are uncertain, but reports suggest nearly a fifth of the Navajo in 1951 practiced the peyote religion (despite strong tribal council opposition) as did one-third of Oklahoma Indians in 1965. The Native American Church claimed some 225,000 adherents in 1977.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#nac
naturism, naturistNaturism lets nature touch you.Casual social nudity without sex. In America, usually on private property. Nudity is not about sex. Nudity does not invite sex.
- a person who appreciates the beauty and benefits of nature.
- a nudist.Today the United States has some very strange ideas about public nudity. Especially for a nation obsessed with the nether regions of young starlets. Particularly for a nation that buys swimwear and underwear designed to highlight genitalia and female breasts while pretending to hide the “naughty bits.” Peculiarly when “exposed” female anatomy in public is widely seen as a sure sign of sexual excess and moral degeneracy.❝Why would I even be interested in responding to the issue of naked swimming in the schools in the old days with a blog article? For a number of reasons. First, here was a practice most men experienced as recently as fifty years ago, and is a living memory for many of us, and people don’t know about it. Some even deny it happened because it doesn’t fit our current cultural mores. Men don’t talk about it even if they were comfortable with the practice because the reactions are usually negative. So this article is an exercise in social history to discuss what was standard practice in America until the 1970s. Boys swam naked in the YMCA and American high schools and sometimes teachers or coaches were naked too (although my swimming teacher always wore a swim suit). I set this in the broader context of naked swimming in America. Second, it is surely a matter of interest in U.S. social history that a practice that millions of men experienced as boys has been suppressed in our collective memory. This reflects a radical change in social mores today that reflects different attitudes toward nudity, privacy, and the body than were common in earlier times in America. We tend to reject the attitudes and views of previous generations because they contradict our own (more enlightened?) attitudes and views, as if our attitudes and views can’t withstand the challenge of different standards. But perhaps some of our current attitudes and views need to be challenged, including our attitudes toward and views about nudity today which are almost exclusively associated with sexuality.❞➢ Frank Answers About Swimming Naked from Frank AnswersNudity does not necessarily or even mostly equal sex. Nudity does not invite sex. I enjoy being naked. I relish feeling the wind and sun on my skin and my dangly bits. I savor the contrast when my exposed skin touches something else. Skin is our biggest sense organ, it's only right when we use it whenever we can. Exhibitionism is not naturism. Dressing provocatively and almost showing something “forbidden” is not naturism. Naturism is not about drawing attention. Naturism is about letting nature touch you. We shield ourselves with clothing even if we don't always need it. I’m a naturist in both senses of the word. Life doesn’t always need clothes. I admire the human body. I hope you can too.See also
205 Arguments and Observations In Support of Naturism
from Naturism - The Naked Truth,
casual nudes, moonbathing, nekkid, nude, nudes, Nudity in Wicca and Paganism Part 1: A Brief History
from Felicity's Blog,
Nudity in Wicca and Paganism Part 2: Why the Skyclad Tradition Continues from Felicity's Blog, pagan attitudes on nudity & sex, public nudity (American social behaviors - post WWII), skinny dipping, skyclad, skyclad, Taproot: Taboo, vintage nudes, What's wrong with nudity? https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#naturism https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#naturist
nautical twilight❝Occurs when the geometrical center of the Sun is between 6 degrees and 12 degrees below the horizon. This twilight period is less bright than civil twilight and artificial light is generally required for outdoor activities. The term, nautical twilight, dates back to the time when sailors used the stars to navigate the seas. During this time, most stars can be easily seen with naked eyes. In addition to being important to navigation on the seas, nautical twilight also has military implications. For example, the United States' military uses nautical twilight, called begin morning nautical twilight (BMNT) and end of evening nautical twilight (EENT), to plan tactical operations.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#nautical-twilight
near universalAlmost but not quite everything/everyone/everywhere.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#near-universal
❝Your needs and desires make you vulnerable. Once hustlers know what you really want, they can easily manipulate you.❞adapted from Understanding scam victims: seven principles for systems security by Frank Stajano, Paul Wilson See also
seven principles of social engineeringhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#greed
needfire❝Need-fire, or Wild-fire (Ger. Notfeuer, O. Ger. nodfyr, Scottish Gaelic tein'-éigin), a term used in folklore to denote a curious superstition which survived in the Scottish Highlands until a recent date. Like the fire-churning still customary in India for kindling the sacrificial fire, the need- or wild-fire is made by the friction of one piece of wood on another, or of a rope upon a stake. Need-fire is a practice of shepherd peoples to ward off disease from their herds and flocks. It is kindled on occasions of special distress, particularly at the outbreak of a murrain, and the cattle are driven through it. Its efficacy is believed to depend on all other fires being extinguished.❞
✧❝In some areas of the Celtic lands, people believed that a special fire, called the Needfire, could be used to create magical results. However, much like Harry Potter's Room of Requirement, the Needfire could only be created in times of great need. In many areas, Samhain was seen as an opportune time for the Needfire -- after all, the harvest was over, the earth was getting cold, and in just a few short months, your family could be starving and freezing. The Needfire helped to assure that your family would be safe from famine, pestilence, the deadly cold, and other natural disasters. In some nomadic societies, the Needfire was the place to make offerings - if you wanted to have a healthy crop of sheep, for example, you might carve an effigy of a ewe and toss it in the fire. Perhaps you'd throw a few seeds in there to assure an abundant crop in the following season. Traditionally, the Needfire was lit without the use of iron. It could only be started by rubbing a pair of sticks together, or twisting a rope along a stake until a spark was created.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#needfire
nekkidNudity is not about sex. Nudity does not invite sex.Wearing no clothing without shame. Nudity for no clear reason or titillation. Casual behavior without clothes. Some clothing pushes the defintion of of nudity and nakedness pretty far. Generally if someone doesn't show nipples, the groin or between the bottom cheeks, it's not technically nude. Except for secluded areas or certain beaches, Americans discourage casual public nudity. Swimming and the sauna are two non-sexual activities where nudity can be openly accepted. For my archived photos, nude means little or no clothing but no sexual contact or touching. That means revealing or implied exposure of breasts, genitalia, and bottoms but absolutely no erotic or carnal context in actual photos. On my NeoWayland NetWork sites, you'll find photos of naked adults. I am a hetrosexual male, so mostly there are appealing young ladies. You will not find photos of sex or carnal activity. Some of the artwork shown does show sex, I follow a fertility religion after all.
There are no children's pictures at NeoWayland's Lexicon.You will not find any photos nude or not of ANY underage kids, period. Nor will you find any minor photos on any other NeoWayland NetWork site. Since children can't grant permission real or implied, I just don't use photos of children when I publish online. There may be the occasional art showing naked children on some of my other sites, but nothing carnal. After WWII, American social attitudes changed. Before the war, artistic depictions of everyday nudity including children were commonplace and I won't censor that. I do draw the line at photos. I don’t confuse nudity and sex, but I am not going to contribute to others lusting after children.
Neo-Wicca❝Neo-Wicca is a path inspired by the outer court teachings of Wicca, followed by those who believe Gerald Gardner's ruling that Wiccan identity can only be passed down by initiation is very out-dated, especially considering many Wiccans are "solitary" rather than working in groups known as covens. Also, many Neo-Wiccans believe that other deities are aspects or different versions of the God and Goddess, some believe that the Goddess and God are universal, and some believe that the God and Goddess are not separate but rather personified entities which together are part of a universal life force.❞➢ Useful Notes / Neo-Paganism from TVTropes
✧❝The term NeoWicca (which essentially means "new Wicca") is typically used when we want to distinguish between the two original traditional forms of Wicca (Gardnerian and Alexandrian) and all other forms of Wicca. Many people would argue that anything other than a Gardnerian or Alexandrian tradition is, by default, NeoWicca. It's occasionally said that Wicca itself, which was only founded in the 1950s, isn't even old enough to have established a "neo" version of anything, but this remains the common usage in the Pagan community.
Much of the publicly available material labeled as Wicca in books and on websites is in fact considered NeoWiccan, simply because Gardnerian and Alexandrian material is generally oathbound, and is not made available for public consumption. In addition, to be a Gardnerian or Alexandrian Wiccan, you must be initiated - you cannot self-initiate or dedicate as a Gardnerian or Alexandrian; you have to be part of an established coven. The concept of lineage is also important in these two forms of traditional Wicca.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#neo-wicca
neopaganism❝“Neopaganism” or “Neo-Paganism” is a general term for a variety of movements both organized and (usually) nonorganized, started since 1960 c.e. or so (though they had literary roots going back to the mid-1800’s), as attempts to recreate, revive or continue what their founders thought were the best aspects of the Paleopagan ways of their ancestors (or predecessors), blended with modern humanistic, pluralist and inclusionary ideals, while consciously striving to eliminate as much as possible of the traditional Western monotheism, dualism, and puritanism. The core Neopagan beliefs include a multiplicity of deities of all genders, a perception of those deities as both immanent and transcendent, a commitment to environmental awareness, and a willingness to perform magical as well as spiritual rituals to help both ourselves and others. Examples of Neopaganism would include the Church of All Worlds, most heterodox Wiccan traditions, Druidism as practiced by Ár nDraíocht Féin and the Henge of Keltria, some Norse Paganism, and some modern forms of Buddhism whose members refer to themselves as “Buddheo-Pagans.” Neopagan belief systems are not racist, sexist, homophobic, etc. There are hundreds of thousands of Neopagans living and worshiping their deities today. As “Neo-Paganism,” this term was popularized in the 1960’s and 1970’s by Oberon Zell, a founder of the Church of All Worlds. The term “Neopaganism” has nothing to do with the Catholic Church’s recent use of “neo-paganism” to refer to Hitler’s Germanic Mesopaganism, which incorporated nineteen centuries of Christian anti-semitism and dualism. Hitler, after all, considered himself a good Christian and was perceived as such by many, if not most, German Christians at the time. The Catholic Church is simply trying to distract attention away from its responsibility for creating the Western cultural environment that dehumanized Jews, and from its pathetic record in opposing the Holocaust while it was going on (not to mention the value to the Church in trashing competing new religions by associating us with the Nazis).❞➢ Defining Paganism: Paleo-, Meso-, and Neo- by Isaac Bonewits
This section was removed at the request of the author.
✧❝Neopaganism is an umbrella descriptor term for the paths falling within it. It is the blue in “blue lake”, not the lake itself. It is not a path or religion in and of itself. It is not uncommon for neopagans to dislike the term and try to disassociate themselves and their spiritual paths from it, again, usually in a bid to seek historical legitimacy and validation and to avoid the terms “new/neo” and “modern” at all costs. If the shoe fits, it fits regardless of the naysaying so don’t hate the shoe. Neopaganism includes even the reconstructionists, Traditional Witchcraft™ practitioners, neoshamans, chaos magicians, Thelemites, and others who would rather separate themselves and not be under the neopagan banner. Sorry to disappoint, but they are still under the definition and categorization of this new religious movement whether it is desired or not. It was the neopagan community’s self-forced synonymity of pagan and Wicca over a period of decades that led to the misbelief that “Paganism” is a religion. The same issue happened with the conflation of Wicca and witchcraft. It started off with people constantly using Wicca and witchcraft interchangeably and then transformed into people refusing to stop using “Pagan” and Wicca synonymously. During this confusion people started publishing books using all the terms interchangeably or wrongly resulting in the branding of altered Wiccan ritual practices as “Pagan” or non-Wiccan witchcraft as Wiccan and it all snowballed pretty fiercely from there. It has confused many people into viewing neopaganism and witchcraft as religions. After a few decades came a point when neopagans made everything capital P “Pagan” all of sudden and largely dropped the neo- and then capitalized the first letter in an ill-fated bid for half-intentional religious legitimacy. “We are Pagan! Hear us roar!”❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#neopaganism
❝Neuroatypical refers to people whose neurological structure or function doesn't fit what the medical community defines as "normal". Neuroatypical people could be on the Autism Spectrum, on the schizophrenia spectrum, have bipolar disorder, have ADHD, or other non-neurotypical conditions. A synonymous term is neurodivergent and an antonym is neurotypical.❞
❝Neurodiversity refers to variations in the human brain regarding sociability, learning, attention, mood, and other mental functions. "Neurodiversity" is a portmanteau of "neurological" and "diversity" that was popularized in the late 1990s by Australian sociologist Judy Singer and American journalist Harvey Blume. The term emerged as a challenge to prevailing views that certain neurodevelopmental disorders are inherently pathological and instead adopts the social model of disability, which states that societal barriers are the main contributing factor that disables people. The subsequent neurodiversity paradigm has been controversial among autism advocates, with opponents saying that its conceptualization of the autism spectrum doesn't reflect the realities of individuals who have high support needs.❞
✧❝a person who has a developmental disorder and/or a mental illness❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#neurodivergent
❝The word "neurotypical" is quite new, but it is becoming increasingly popular in schools, at autism conferences and events, and in therapists' offices. It has no absolute medical or psychological meaning. It doesn't describe a particular personality, trait, or set of abilities.❞➢ What Does It Mean to Be Neurotypical? from verywellhealthhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#neurotypical
Newspeak❝propagandistic language marked by euphemism, circumlocution, and the inversion of customary meanings❞
✧❝Newspeak is the language of Oceania, a fictional totalitarian state ruled by the Party, who created the language to meet the ideological requirements of English Socialism (Ingsoc).In George Orwell's world of Nineteen Eighty-Four, Newspeak is a controlled language, of restricted grammar and limited vocabulary, a linguistic design meant to limit the freedom of thought—personal identity, self-expression, free will—that ideologically threatens the régime of Big Brother and the Party, who thus criminalised such concepts as thoughtcrime, contradictions of Ingsoc orthodoxy.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#newspeak
no platform❝No platform is the practice of of preventing someone—either through policy or through protest—from spreading their ideas through a particular event or website. The term is mostly used to refer to rescinding an invitation to someone asked to speak at an event (such as a guest lecture at a college). The concept apparently originates from a policy used by the British National Union of Students to prevent people they disagree with from giving speeches on UK college campuses. The concept is similar to the political action of cordon sanitaire, where a politician or political party is either unconditionally excluded from coalitions or other forms or cooperation, or even completely ignored. "No platform" is typically invoked for issues such as racism, sexism, homophobia, Holocaust denial, and so forth. As what is and is not acceptable by society changes with the times, so do the targets of "no platform", with 2015 seeing protests of speakers seen as transphobic or Islamophobic who consider themselves progressive as they are feminists or atheists, respectively. No-platforming is, at best, an attempt to prevent a balance fallacy, with protesters refusing to allow tacit endorsement of reactionary views.❞
✧❝To refuse to go out of your way to make it easier for someone to spread their views using your facilities, your equipment, and your money. 99.9% of all people in the world are no-platformed; the only people who aren't are members of the elite, such as popular bigots. When a member of the elite is no-platformed, liberals and bigots alike unite in losing their shit.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#no-platform
“No True Scotsman”❝The no true scotsman fallacy is a way of reinterpreting evidence in order to prevent the refutation of one’s position. Proposed counter-examples to a theory are dismissed as irrelevant solely because they are counter-examples, but purportedly because they are not what the theory is about.
This fallacy is a form of circular argument, with an existing belief being assumed to be true in order to dismiss any apparent counter-examples to it. The existing belief thus becomes unfalsifiable.❞➢ ‘No True Scotsman’ Fallacy from Logical Fallacies
✧❝No True Scotsman (also referred to as the fallacy of "Victory by Definition" in Robert Allen's "The Propaganda Game") is an intentional logical fallacy which involves the act of setting up standards for a particular scenario, then redefining those same standards in order to exclude a particular outcome.❞➢ No True Scotsman from TVTropes
✧❝The No True Scotsman (NTS) fallacy is a logical fallacy that occurs when a debater defines a group such that every groupmember possess some quality. For example, it is common to argue that "all members of [my religion] are fundamentally good", and then to abandon all bad individuals as "not true [my-religion]-people".❞➢ No True Scotsman from RationalWikihttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#scotsman
- an inference that does not follow from the premises
specifically : a fallacy resulting from a simple conversion of a universal affirmative proposition or from the transposition of a condition and its consequent
- a statement (such as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously saidhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#non-sequitur
Technology that acts without the consent of the user. One example would be a thermostat that not only keeps a constant temperature, but sends data about the settings, the current temperature and any adjustments to a server outside the user's control. Although terms of data sharing are usually included in the end user licensing, the exact terms are often obscure or hidden by design. Companies want your data and they know that almost no one pays attention to the EULA. Count on any smart house appliances or ”internet of things” gadgets sharing your data unless specifically stated otherwise. Especially if the operation requires more technology than can be cheaply or efficiently packed into the casing. Smart assistants with voice control are currently the worst offenders. Smart televisions are close behind. Unless a company has made clear that it won't be sharing your data, you can depend on your data being shared again and again. Even the companies with strict privacy do share your data under “special circumstances.” You can trust them. Really. They promise. Remember the old internet saying, if you are not paying for a product or service, you are the product.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#nonconsensual
“not all…”The label has no inherent vice or virtue. That's in the individual.❝If someone claims "every," look for exceptions.❞My response when someone praises or condemns a class instead of the individual. I just refuse to blame groups for individual behavior. It's not all blacks, all lesbians, all men, all Christians, all children, or all left handed mechanics. The worth is in the words and actions of the individual, not the label.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#not-all
nuclear powerThe unspeakable, terrible dragon in the room.❝energy released by reactions within atomic nuclei, as in nuclear fission or fusion.❞Everyone has been taught that nuclear reactors are an unacceptable danger that no sane person would consider. That is wrong. In his book Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto, Stewart Brand points out that the average nuclear power plant actually releases less radioactivity than the average coal plant. The waste is more concentrated. It’s harder to dispose. More accurately, it can’t be easily released into the atmosphere with most people never noticing. Brand also points out that nuclear reactors are more reliable with a better baseload and a lower footprint than wind or solar. Brand uses the term “portfolio” to emphasize diversification of sources. Because we don’t know what is going to work best in the long term, we’re better off trying all we can at once with competition. Brand admits that uranium and plutonium reactors produce toxic waste that we probably can’t store for the next ten-thousand years. But do we need to? Maybe we only need to store it for a century or two. Meanwhile, wind farms and solar farms have HUGE footprints and a limited service life. The composite blades from modern windmills are nearly impossible to recycle. Recycling solar panels isn’t much easier, especially on a large scale. And again, solar has a HUGE footprint. Thorium reactors are probably safer than current reactors. Thorium is much harder to weaponize than uranium or plutonium. Now I don’t agree that there is a global warming problem. But other than damming rivers (with a big footprint right there), there is exactly ONE off-the-shelf technology that can meet our expected energy demand with zero carbon emissions. Thorium reactors with some work could probably top that. And we wouldn’t be shredding eagles or frying passing birds. We need more energy for our future.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#nuclear
Nullius in verbaon the word of no one❝The Royal Society's motto 'Nullius in verba' is taken to mean 'take nobody's word for it'. It is an expression of the determination of Fellows to withstand the domination of authority and to verify all statements by an appeal to facts determined by experiment.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/nn/#nullius-in-verba
nyctophiliaPrefering night or darkness, relaxing or taking comfort in the dark.See also