I. Was. Different.Juvenile behavior that it took a decade or so for me to grow out of when I was an adult.See also
Those Who Want to Be Noticedhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#i-was-different
❝The act of believing that disagreeing with someone on certain ideologies equates to them disapproving a particular identity such as one's race, sex, sexuality, religion, etc. rather than the ideology itself. Instead of focusing on the logical aspect of an idea or opinion, identity politics instead believes that a particular identity is opposing all people who belong to a particular identity.❞
✧❝The term identity politics in common usage refers to a tendency of people sharing a particular racial, religious, ethnic, social, or cultural identity to form exclusive political alliances, instead of engaging in traditional broad-based party politics, or promote their particular interests without regard for interests of a larger political group. In academic usage, the term has been used to refer to a wide range of political activities and theoretical analysis rooted in experiences of injustice shared by different social groups. In this usage, identity politics typically aim to reclaim greater self-determination and political freedom for marginalized groups through understanding their distinctive nature and challenging externally imposed characterizations, instead of organizing solely around belief systems or party affiliations. Identity is used “as a tool to frame political claims, promote political ideologies, or stimulate and orientate social and political action, usually in a larger context of inequality or injustice and with the aim of asserting group distinctiveness and belonging and gaining power and recognition.” The term identity politics has been in use in various forms since the 1960s or 1970s, but has been applied with, at times, radically different meanings by different populations. It has gained currency with the emergence of social movements such as the women's movement, the civil rights movement in the U.S., the LGBTQ movement, as well as nationalist and postcolonial movements.❞
✧❝The laden phrase “identity politics” has come to signify a wide range of political activity and theorizing founded in the shared experiences of injustice of members of certain social groups. Rather than organizing solely around belief systems, programmatic manifestos, or party affiliation, identity political formations typically aim to secure the political freedom of a specific constituency marginalized within its larger context. Members of that constituency assert or reclaim ways of understanding their distinctiveness that challenge dominant oppressive characterizations, with the goal of greater self-determination.❞➢ Identity Politics from
the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
✧❝Neither liberals nor conservatives understand the weapon of identity politics, and the immense destruction it can cause. Identity politics does not simply parse different kinds of people. Identity politics is concerned with the relationship of transgression and innocence between different, purportedly monovalent, kinds of people. Identity politics is not just about who we are, it is about a moral stain or purity that defines who we are.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#identity-politics
❝Igitur qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum.❞❝Therefore, whoever wishes for peace let him prepare for war.❞— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, De re militariUsually misquoted as “Si vis pacem, para bellum.” - ❝If you want peace, prepare for war.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#pacem
ImbolcUsually around 02February.This year's date.❝Imbolc is a Fire festival and aligned agriculturally with the first stirrings of the hope of growing light, slowly warming weather and fields that would at mid-summer’s point be lush with flower, fruit and animal life. Imbolc celebrates the new life that has yet to push through the frost-covered ground, yet remains as a strong image of the quickening potential. We revel in the excitement of spying a single shoot of greenery and the first signs of Spring even though snow may still cover the ground. The vitality we feel as the cold winds blow are sure signs that we are alive and vibrant. And this life and vibrancy holds the promise of returning to the warmth of home and interaction with friends and family. At the time of Imbolc we celebrate the calving season as new life emerges from mother’s womb. Milk flows freely for those young animals that will provide sustenance in the coming months ahead and we anticipate the healing that this new life will bring to the land as hungry mouths graze on lush green fields that will emerge in the months ahead. We celebrate with cheese, and milk and products that contain this protein rich elixir. We celebrate the gaining strength of the Goddess having given birth at the Solstice to the child of Light and now bathed in the fires of revitalization seen as she begins the transition into the Maiden of Ostara. This is the affirmation of the continued cycle of life and the transformative nature of Deity as source of inspiration for their much love children of the earth in all of our forms.❞➢ Back to Basics: Imbolc from Witchvox
✧❝This holiday is also known as Candlemas, or Brigid's (pronounced BREED) Day. One of the 4 Celtic "Fire Festivals. Commemorates the changing of the Goddess from the Crone to the Maiden. Celebrates the first signs of Spring. Also called "Imbolc" (the old Celtic name). This is the seasonal change where the first signs of spring and the return of the sun are noted, i.e. the first sprouting of leaves, the sprouting of the Crocus flowers etc. In other words, it is the festival commemorating the successful passing of winter and the beginning of the agricultural year. This Festival also marks the transition point of the threefold Goddess energies from those of Crone to Maiden. It is the day that we celebrate the passing of Winter and make way for Spring. It is the day we honour the rebirth of the Sun and we may visualize the baby sun nursing from the Goddess's breast. It is also a day of celebrating the Celtic Goddess Brigid. Brigid is the Goddess of Poetry, Healing, Smithcraft, and Midwifery. If you can make it with your hands, Brigid rules it. She is a triple Goddess, so we honour her in all her aspects. This is a time for communing with her, and tending the lighting of her sacred flame. At this time of year, Wiccans will light multiple candles, white for Brigid, for the god usually yellow or red, to remind us of the passing of winter and the entrance into spring, the time of the Sun. This is a good time for initiations, be they into covens or self-initiations.❞➢ Imbolc from The White Goddess
✧❝The name “Imbolc” or “Oimelc”, which is derived from Gaelic, means “ewe’s milk” after the lactating sheep that are feeding their first born lambs of the new season at this time of year.❞➢ Imbolc from Witches Of The Craft
✧❝The next Festival occurs on February 2nd, or the eve of February 1st. It is called Imbolc in the Druid tradition, or sometimes Oimelc. Although we would think of Imbolc as being in the midst of Winter, it represents in fact the first of a trio of Spring celebrations, since it is the time of the first appearance of the snowdrop, and of the melting of the snows and the clearing of the debris of Winter. It is a time when we sense the first glimmer of Spring, and when the lambs are born. In the Druid tradition it is a gentle, beautiful festival in which the Mother Goddess is honoured with eight candles rising out of the water at the centre of the ceremonial circle. The Goddess that ruled Samhuinn was the Cailleach, the Grey Hag, the Mountain Mother, the Dark Woman of Knowledge. But by Imbolc the Goddess has become Brighid, the Goddess of poets, healers and midwives. And so we often use Imbolc as a time for an Eisteddfod dedicated to poetry and song praising the Goddess in her many forms. The Christian development of this festival is Candlemas - the time of the Presentation of Christ in the Temple. For years successive Popes had tried to stop parades of lit candles in the streets of Rome at this time, until seeing that it was impossible to put a stop to this pagan custom, they suggested that everyone enter the churches so that the priests could bless the candles.❞➢ The Eightfold Wheel of the Year & the Druid Festivals
from The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids
✧❝Imbolc is an ancient festival, Celtic in origin, and considered one of the greater Wiccan sabbats. It is celebrated on the night of February 1st in the northern hemisphere. The primary purpose of Imbolc is to celebrate Spring's impending replacement of Winter. In this sense, Imbolc may be seen as a spiritual alternative to the secular celebration of New Year's Eve. At New Year's Eve, we often see the image of old, bearded Father Time replaced with a young baby. Father Time represents the old, outgoing year, and the baby celebrates the year just born. At Imbolc, we have similar imagery; an old crone represents the outgoing year, and turns things over to a young maiden. Fertility, of course, plays a part here. The frozen earth is incapable of growing things, just as the old crone has grown incapable of producing offspring. This barrenness is replaced by the warm return of Spring, making the earth once again fertile, symbolized by the fertile young maiden.❞➢ Imbolc from World SpiritualitySee also
bonfire (fire festival), borders, Brigit’s Day, Candlelaria, Candlemas: The Light Returns Imbolc from The Witches Sabbats, Disting, fire festival, Imbolc: Rituals, Recipes & Lore for Brigid's Day, Imbolg, Imbolgc Brigantia, livestock (fire festival), Lupercus, Oimelc, Sparkpoint, Sparkpoint, Sparkpoint, Springtide, The Witches’ Sabatshttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#imbolc
Indian boarding schoolsThe U.S. and Canada treated their indigenous people shamefully to keep them dependent and “under control.” Under U.S. law, the 574 Federally reoognized tribes are literally “domestic dependent nations.” Historically the U.S. breaks treaties with the tribes to acquire land or mineral rights. Not so long ago, Utah tried to seize mineral rights from five tribes. While technically sovereign tribes, actually the tribes are managed For Their Own Good. Amerinds were finally “granted” citizenship in 1924. Individual Amerinds weren't always allowed to vote until 1965, despite the 15th Amendment being ratified in 1870. This is a repeating pattern. No matter how bad American “blacks” had it, Amerinds had it worse. There were many, many other injustices. The Indian Removal Act. The Indian Appropriations Act. The Dawes Act. The reservation system was specifically engineered relocate and assimilate Amerindians. Imagine having no control over your language, your beliefs, your hair, your clothing, or your person. Imagine being told that all that you were and all that your ancestors had been wasn't acceptable and wouldn't be allowed. Imagine this happening as a paternalistic government took your rights and the resources from your land. Sometimes even the water you needed and the land itself. Imagine being told that this was all For the Greater Good. Possibly subject to change. Later. And you don't get to decide. It will be decided for you by technocrats and politicos. White man speak with forked tongue indeed. But the worst offenders were the Indian boarding schools.
inferior conjunction❝the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#inferior-conjunction
innumerate❝marked by an ignorance of mathematics and the scientific approach❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#innumerate
inspire❝It's better to inspire rather than require.❞❝to fill with an animating, quickening, or exalting influence❞
- to influence, move, or guide by divine or supernatural inspiration
- to exert an animating, enlivening, or exalting influence on
- to spur on : impel, motivate
- archaic to breathe or blow into or upon
- archaic to infuse (something, such as life) by breathing
- to communicate to an agent supernaturally
- to draw forth or bring out
- bring about, occasion
- to spread (rumor) by indirect means or through the agency of anotherhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#inspire
intelligenceSystematic problem solving
- capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc.
- manifestation of a high mental capacity
- the faculty of understanding.
- knowledge of an event, circumstance, etc., received or imparted; news; information.
- the gathering or distribution of information, especially secret information.
- information about an enemy or a potential enemy.
- the evaluated conclusions drawn from such information.
- an organization or agency engaged in gathering such informationA poorly understood and frequently overcomplicated subject. Yes, a very broad definition of intelligence is systematic problem solving. An intelligence is a set of mental tools that can solve a problem. But human intelligence spans several domains (multiple intelligences) and at least three interconnected thought modes. Intelligence in one domain doesn't necessarily grant ability or skill in another. Being a marathon runner has only the most basic application to being a particle physicist. Music doesn't include orbital mechanics. A classical chef might not understand why she can't get a date. Think of intelligence domains like vehicle types. A sports car does a different job than a dump truck. An airplane doesn't work like a boat. A bicycle isn't a tractor. Thought modes are the "gears." Each mode involves a different approach and different parts of the brain. Each ascending mode is more complex and requires more creativity.https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#intelligence
❝inter arma silent leges❞Usually translated as “in times of war, the law falls silent.” This phrase doesn't just dismiss the rule of law, it shatters it and scatters the pieces. If the rule of law gets sacrificed when it's inconvenient, then what is the point? Why have a rule of law at all?❝Many think it not only inevitable but entirely proper that liberty give way to security in times of national crisis that, at the extremes of military exigency, inter arma silent leges. Whatever the general merits of the view that war silences law or modulates its voice, that view has no place in the interpretation and application of a Constitution designed precisely to confront war and, in a manner that accords with democratic principles, to accommodate it.❞➢ Justice Antonin Scalia,
dissenting opinion in Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (2004)
✧❝Inter arma enim silent lex is a Latin phrase meaning "In times of war, the law falls silent." Generally administrators usually try to suspend civilian rights during war time. For instance, President Lincoln requested for an opinion on the suspension of a basic right, to habeas corpus, during the Civil War and the court held that the president cannot suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, nor authorize a military officer to do it. At times, courts have upheld this maxim. Erosion of citizens' rights during World War II were upheld by the Supreme Court by holding that the application of curfews against members of a minority group were constitutional when the nation was at war with the country from which that group originated.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#inter-arma-silent-leges
❝the complex, cumulative way in which the effects of multiple forms of discrimination (such as racism, sexism, and classism) combine, overlap, or intersect especially in the experiences of marginalized individuals or groups❞
✧❝Sociologist Patricia Hill Collins developed and explained the concept of intersectionality in her groundbreaking book, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, published in 1990. Today intersectionality is a mainstay concept of critical race studies, feminist studies, queer studies, the sociology of globalization, and a critical sociological approach, generally speaking. In addition to race, class, gender, sexuality, and nationality, many of today's sociologists also include categories like age, religion, culture, ethnicity, ability, body type, and even looks in their intersectional approach.❞➢ Definition of Intersectionality from ThoughtCo.
iron law of bureaucracyIron Law of Oligarchy❝When the institution trumps the mission, the mission fails.❞❝Briefly, because government does not have competition the "services" it provides are subject to the fast track of Michels (1911) iron law of oligarchy. Even Parkinson referred to it in a roundabout way when he pegged building a custom headquarters as the final death knell of a bureaucracy. When the institution places the mission first, things can work. But when the institution comes first, things fall apart. In the private sector, the biggest incentive to change and stay mission focused is competition. Government institutions are shielded from competition and usually continue until they fail catastrophically. But they have no incentive to "fix" things, indeed they may even lose funding and power if they do.❞❝Pournelle's Iron Law of Bureaucracy states that in any bureaucratic organization there will be two kinds of people: those who work to further the actual goals of the organization, and those who work for the organization itself. Examples in education would be teachers who work and sacrifice to teach children, vs. union representative who work to protect any teacher including the most incompetent. The Iron Law states that in all cases, the second type of person will always gain control of the organization, and will always write the rules under which the organization functions.❞
✧❝The iron law of oligarchy is a political theory, first developed by the German syndicalist sociologist Robert Michels in his 1911 book, Political Parties. The “iron law of oligarchy” states that all forms of organization, regardless of how democratic or autocratic they may be at the start, will eventually and inevitably develop oligarchic tendencies, thus making true democracy practically and theoretically impossible, especially in large groups and complex organizations. The relative structural fluidity in a small-scale democracy succumbs to “social viscosity” in a large-scale organization. According to the “iron law,” democracy and large-scale organization are incompatible.❞➢ What is ‘Iron Law of Oligarchy’? from Preserve Articles
✧❝According to Michels all organizations eventually come to be run by a "leadership class", who often function as paid administrators, executives, spokespersons or political strategists for the organization. Far from being "servants of the masses", Michels argues this "leadership class," rather than the organization's membership, will inevitably grow to dominate the organization's power structures. By controlling who has access to information, those in power can centralize their power successfully, often with little accountability, due to the apathy, indifference and non-participation most rank and file members have in relation to their organization's decision-making processes. Michels argues that democratic attempts to hold leadership positions accountable are prone to fail, since with power comes the ability to reward loyalty, the ability to control information about the organization, and the ability to control what procedures the organization follows when making decisions. All of these mechanisms can be used to strongly influence the outcome of any decisions made 'democratically' by members.❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#iron-law
ISBN❝The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965. The ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 by David Whitaker and Emery Koltay (who grew to be Director of the U.S. ISBN agency). The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. However, the 9-digit SBN code was used in the United Kingdom until 1974. An SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit "0". ISO has appointed the International ISBN Agency as the registration authority for ISBN worldwide and the ISBN Standard is developed under the control of ISO Technical Committee 46/Subcommittee 9 TC 46/SC 9. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978. Since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with "Bookland" European Article Number EAN-13s. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure; however, this can be rectified later.❞➢ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number See also
ASIN, ISBN History from ISBN.org, ISSNhttps://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#isbn
ISSN❝An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is a unique eight-digit number used to identify a periodical publication at a specific media type. It is internationally accepted as a fundamental identifier for distinguishing between identical serial titles and facilitating checking and ordering procedures, collection management, legal deposit, interlibrary loans etc. When a periodical is published, with the same content, in two or more different media, a different ISSN is assigned to each media type – in particular the print and electronic media types, named print ISSN (p-ISSN) and electronic ISSN (e-ISSN or eISSN). The ISSN system was first drafted as an ISO international standard in 1971 and published as ISO 3297 in 1975. The ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC 9 is responsible for the standard. To assign a unique identifier to the serial as content (linking among the different media), ISSN-L must be used, as defined by ISO 3297:2007❞https://lexicon.neowayland.com/ii/#issn